In order to counter the economic recession which has hit young people hard, the island of Cyprus has taken specific measures fostering vocational education and training (VET).
Firstly, it decided to provide financial aid for enterprises taking on apprentices. Together with social partners, it has set up a system called the New Modern Apprenticeship (NMA), which is restructuring the training instruments and processes involved in apprenticeships. The NMA will be fully operational in 2014.
The other large-scale innovation concerns the introduction of mobility for pupils between different pathways in the upper secondary cycle, including the possibility to move between mainstream education and secondary technical and vocational education (STVE). Curricula have been reviewed and the number of specialisations available in the vocational and technical pathway has been reduced in order to enhance the acquisition of key competences required to be more competitive on the labour market.
The Cyprus educational system – 2013
The vocational pathway in Cyprus
Schooling is compulsory for 9 years and includes primary school education from 6 to 12 years and lower secondary school education in a Gymnasium (general lower secondary school) to the age of 15.
At the end of this period, pupils receive a school-leaving certificate. From the age of 15, if they have obtained a certificate, pupils can:
- study for a mainstream education diploma at a lyceum (87.3% in 2011)
- go to technical school which offers 2 types of pathways: a technical pathway and a vocational pathway. Most pupils (76% in 2002-2003), choose the vocational pathway which includes work experience in enterprises for one day a week during the 3rd year. The proportion of pupils following technical or vocational education is one of the lowest in Europe.
Upper secondary education lasts for 3 years, at the end of which pupils take the school-leaving certificate (Apolytyrio).
Post-secondary VET will be provided in post-secondary institutes from the academic year 2012/2013. In non-university tertiary education, it will be offered by 4 public colleges and several private institutes.
The New Modern Apprenticeship (NMA) is geared towards young people aged between 14 and 25 and is based on 3 levels (preparatory, basic and post-secondary). It will be linked with a national vocational qualification framework. The content of this new system will be drawn up with the participation of social partners, who are also involved in developing professional certification. The NMA should be fully operational in 2015.
- The percentage of young people leaving the school system at an early age has fallen. It has gone from 20,6% in 2004 to 11.2% in 2011. (CEDEFOP – 2012)
- At the same time, the proportion of young people aged 20 to 24 who have completed at least the upper secondary cycle has risen from 77,6% to 87.6%. (Eurostat – 2012)
- Young people have been hit particularly hard by the economic crisis. The rate of unemployment for the under 25s increased between 2012 and 2013, rising from 28,1% to 38,6%. (Eurostat – 2013)
- 20.7% of men and 4.3% are women in the 2nd cycle of secondary education were enrolled in a vocational pathway in 2011. (Eurostat – 2012)
Last update : 29/10/2013